The vast majority of the world’s population lives in the northern hemisphere. Only about 10 percent of all people live in the southern hemisphere, which includes Australia, the southern portion of Africa, Antarctica and most of South America. The northern hemisphere is composed of Europe, most of Asia and Africa, North America and the northern portion of South America.
More facts about world geography:
- The largest city in the world in terms of area is Hulunbuir in Inner Mongolia. The city has an area of 102,000 square miles (263,953 square kilometers).
- There are three countries in the world that are each completely surrounded by another nation: Vatican City, San Marino and Lesotho. Vatican City and San Marino are both surrounded by Italy. Lesotho is surrounded by South Africa.
- The longest mountain chain in the world is in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. Known as the Mid-Atlantic Range, the chain is completely submerged, with the exception of a section that composes the nation of Iceland.