How Effective Is Amitriptyline for Anxiety? (with pictures)

Debra Barnhart
Debra Barnhart
Doctors may prescribe amitriptyline for anxiety because it works on several chemicals in the brain to relieve feelings of panic.
Doctors may prescribe amitriptyline for anxiety because it works on several chemicals in the brain to relieve feelings of panic.

Amitriptyline is a tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) used to treat depression, anxiety and a number of other conditions, including chronic pain and migraine headaches. This antidepressant acts on several chemicals in the brain to relieve anxiety. Major side effects of amitriptyline include drowsiness and dry mouth. Doctors will not prescribe amitriptyline for anxiety to patients who have medical conditions like heart or liver disease. Veterinarians also prescribe amitriptyline for anxiety in small animals.

Nightmares are a common side effect of taking amitriptyline.
Nightmares are a common side effect of taking amitriptyline.

Doctors may prescribe amitriptyline for anxiety because it works on several chemicals in the brain to relieve feelings of panic. Amitriptyline increases the levels of neurotransmitters, including serotonin and norepinephrine. Serotonin contributes to positive feelings of well-being, while norepinephrine increases alertness and enhances memory. Norepinephrine also enhances the effect of endorphins, which is another neurotransmitter that contributes to feelings of comfort and happiness.

A veterinarian may prescribe amitriptyline to treat a dog's anxiety issues.
A veterinarian may prescribe amitriptyline to treat a dog's anxiety issues.

Drugs developed for humans are often used to treat diseases or disorders in animals. Veterinarians sometimes prescribe amitriptyline for anxiety in pets. This drug may be prescribed to cats who urinate outside the litter box, as well as for cats with urinary tract disease. It is prescribed for separation anxiety and other anxiety disorders in animals like excessive grooming. Much lower doses of this drug are needed in animals than humans, so the drug must be prescribed by a veterinarian to ensure proper dosage.

Amitriptyline increases the levels of serotonin in the brain.
Amitriptyline increases the levels of serotonin in the brain.

Drowsiness and dry mouth are two of the major side effects of amitriptyline. The drug’s sedating influence is the result of its effect on serotonin. Other side effects of amitriptyline include nausea, nightmares, blurred vision and constipation. Some of the most serious side effects can be chest pain, rapid heartbeat, and altered blood sugar levels.

An antidepressant, amitriptyline is also marketed and sold under the brand name Elavil.
An antidepressant, amitriptyline is also marketed and sold under the brand name Elavil.

Amitriptyline is not recommended for pregnant women or women who are nursing. Doctors might also consider prescribing a different drug for patients with heart conditions or who are diabetic. Amitriptyline is broken down in the liver, so it may not be the drug of choice for patients with impaired liver function. Patients should not take amitriptyline and methimazole together because it can produce low white blood cell counts. Doctors prescribe methimazole when the thyroid produces too many hormones.

Amitriptyline causes drowsiness and sleepiness, which can interfere with work and other necessary tasks.
Amitriptyline causes drowsiness and sleepiness, which can interfere with work and other necessary tasks.

Approved for use in the United States in 1961, amitriptyline has a wide number of uses. While it is often prescribed for depression, amitriptyline is also effective in treating anxiety, panic disorder and post-traumatic stress syndrome. Amitriptyline is sometimes prescribed for eating disorders, bipolar disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Doctors may also prescribe amitriptyline for pain caused by a variety of conditions such as fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome, migraine headaches and interstitial cystitis. Treatment of pain usually requires lower doses of amitriptyline than for other conditions.

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Discussion Comments

turquoise

@anamur-- I started taking amitriptyline fairly recently too and it's also not working for me. In fact, I think my anxiety has been slightly worse since I started the drug.

burcidi

@anamur-- I've been taking amitriptyline for a few years now. What type of anxiety do you have?

I have social anxiety and amitriptyline has definitely helped me. I think it can take a while for the medication to kick in so I wouldn't give up on it just yet.

If you don't feel that it's working after a month or two months, tell your doctor. You might need a higher dose, or you might be in need of something different.

serenesurface

My doctor prescribed me amitriptyline a few weeks ago for anxiety but I don't think it's helping. It makes me sleepy and I have to take it at night for that reason. But I still have anxiety attacks.

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    • Doctors may prescribe amitriptyline for anxiety because it works on several chemicals in the brain to relieve feelings of panic.
      Doctors may prescribe amitriptyline for anxiety because it works on several chemicals in the brain to relieve feelings of panic.
    • Nightmares are a common side effect of taking amitriptyline.
      Nightmares are a common side effect of taking amitriptyline.
    • A veterinarian may prescribe amitriptyline to treat a dog's anxiety issues.
      A veterinarian may prescribe amitriptyline to treat a dog's anxiety issues.
    • Amitriptyline increases the levels of serotonin in the brain.
      Amitriptyline increases the levels of serotonin in the brain.
    • An antidepressant, amitriptyline is also marketed and sold under the brand name Elavil.
      An antidepressant, amitriptyline is also marketed and sold under the brand name Elavil.
    • Amitriptyline causes drowsiness and sleepiness, which can interfere with work and other necessary tasks.
      Amitriptyline causes drowsiness and sleepiness, which can interfere with work and other necessary tasks.
    • In addition to anxiety, amitriptyline is prescribed to treat migraines and chronic pain.
      In addition to anxiety, amitriptyline is prescribed to treat migraines and chronic pain.
    • Amitriptyline may be prescribed for irritable bowel syndrome, among many other conditions.
      Amitriptyline may be prescribed for irritable bowel syndrome, among many other conditions.
    • Patients who suffer from bipolar disorder may not react well to amitriptyline.
      Patients who suffer from bipolar disorder may not react well to amitriptyline.