What Are Greengrocers' Apostrophes?

Michael Pollick
Michael Pollick
Michael Pollick
Michael Pollick
Whenever a word is pluralized by using an apostrophe plus "s" instead of the proper plural ending, such as "quesadilla's," it is referred to as a greengrocers' apostrophe.
Whenever a word is pluralized by using an apostrophe plus "s" instead of the proper plural ending, such as "quesadilla's," it is referred to as a greengrocers' apostrophe.

The greengrocers' apostrophe occurs whenever a writer attempts to pluralize a word by using an apostrophe plus "s" instead of the proper plural ending. A handmade sign in a local grocery store might advertise "Apple's Two Dollars a Pound" or "Orange's $3.99 a Bag", for example. The term "greengrocers' apostrophe" was actually inspired by such prominent grammatical errors in grocery store signage.

Adding an apostrophe and an "s" to a word in order to pluralize it in improper form is referred to as a greengrocers' apostrophe.
Adding an apostrophe and an "s" to a word in order to pluralize it in improper form is referred to as a greengrocers' apostrophe.

The ill-conceived practice of using a greengrocers' apostrophe is not limited to grocery stores, however. Many local or small businesses have been known to create similar signs advertising "Stereo's and Television's On Sale" or "Compare Our Rate's With Other Company's!"

An apostrophe S (or S apostrophe) generally denotes possession, not number. It can also be used in a contraction, such as "it's" for "it is." There are few exceptions to the rule against using a greengrocers' apostrophe to pluralize, however. In some cases, an apostrophe might be used to indicate a plural of a letter, such as "A's" and "U's" although some grammarians argue against this use as well; without the apostrophe, however, those letters could be confused for the words "As" and "Us."

"Pancake's, sausage, and egg breakfast" is an example of the use of a greengrocers' apostrophe.
"Pancake's, sausage, and egg breakfast" is an example of the use of a greengrocers' apostrophe.

When the term greengrocers' apostrophe was first popularized, most likely in the Liverpool, England, area during the 1950s, there were a number of foreign-born store owners who overused apostrophes in an effort to over-correct their English grammatical errors in general. A pluralized English word and a possessive can sound exactly alike, so those learning the language may use plurals as possessives and possessives as plurals.

Greengrocers' apostrophe was first popularized in the Liverpool, England area during the 1950s.
Greengrocers' apostrophe was first popularized in the Liverpool, England area during the 1950s.

The rules governing the proper use of apostrophes can be quite confusing until the basic differences between plurals and possessives are fully understood. It can be difficult to explain why a sentence such as "My sister's friends did not like the movie." is not the same as "My sisters' friends did not like the movie, either." Possession and number are very closely connected when it comes to the proper use of apostrophes, so mistakes such as the greengrocers' apostrophe are understandable during the learning process. As a student's understanding of English grammar rules improves, the use of the greengrocers' apostrophe should start to become less frequent.

Michael Pollick
Michael Pollick

A regular wiseGEEK contributor, Michael enjoys doing research in order to satisfy his wide-ranging curiosity about a variety of arcane topics. Before becoming a professional writer, Michael worked as an English tutor, poet, voice-over artist, and DJ.

Michael Pollick
Michael Pollick

A regular wiseGEEK contributor, Michael enjoys doing research in order to satisfy his wide-ranging curiosity about a variety of arcane topics. Before becoming a professional writer, Michael worked as an English tutor, poet, voice-over artist, and DJ.

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    • Whenever a word is pluralized by using an apostrophe plus "s" instead of the proper plural ending, such as "quesadilla's," it is referred to as a greengrocers' apostrophe.
      Whenever a word is pluralized by using an apostrophe plus "s" instead of the proper plural ending, such as "quesadilla's," it is referred to as a greengrocers' apostrophe.
    • Adding an apostrophe and an "s" to a word in order to pluralize it in improper form is referred to as a greengrocers' apostrophe.
      Adding an apostrophe and an "s" to a word in order to pluralize it in improper form is referred to as a greengrocers' apostrophe.
    • "Pancake's, sausage, and egg breakfast" is an example of the use of a greengrocers' apostrophe.
      "Pancake's, sausage, and egg breakfast" is an example of the use of a greengrocers' apostrophe.
    • Greengrocers' apostrophe was first popularized in the Liverpool, England area during the 1950s.
      Greengrocers' apostrophe was first popularized in the Liverpool, England area during the 1950s.