The causes of uncontrollable anger are rooted in a variety of physiological, emotional, and mental health issues. People may experience rage due to a long-term pattern of suppressing frustration, disappointment, or underlying threats or fears. Young children often experience temper tantrums due to unmet needs or the inability to verbally express their feelings. Some women experience anger issues if they suffer from premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Explosive anger also is associated with psychiatric conditions and mental illnesses such as borderline personality disorder.
For the average healthy person, uncontrollable anger is often linked to suppression of feelings related to unfair or stressful situations. The act of repressing anger on a continual basis may result in losing one's temper or overreacting to minor situations. Managing anger problems may require becoming more assertive in addressing problems as they occur. Anger management programs can teach people how to tune into their feelings and use effective language to express their frustrations before they snowball into rage.
Uncontrollable anger in young children is typically related to their emotional development and communication challenges. Toddlers may become angry if a toy is taken away from them or if their physical needs are not met. Older children with undeveloped communication and problem-solving skills may yell or hit out of extreme frustration. Strategies for addressing anger in young children include removing them from the emotionally charged situation, calmly asking about their needs, and suggesting options and solutions. Teaching children problem-solving techniques and encouraging them to describe their feelings empowers them to deal more productively with anger.
Premenstrual disorders are among the causes of uncontrollable anger for some women. PMS often causes mood changes and irritability. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is characterized by the mix of serotonin imbalance and hormonal changes. A variety of physical and emotional symptoms are associated with this condition, causing some women to feel emotionally distraught, out of control, and angry. Symptoms are typically more intense just prior to menstruation, lessening during menstruation, and disappearing afterwards.
Other causes of uncontrollable anger include mental illness. Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a psychiatric illness characterized by emotional instability, impulsiveness, and the inability to maintain interpersonal relationships. People with this illness suffer from an intense fear of abandonment; their perceptions that people do not want to be with them may cause feelings of intense rage, often leading to reckless actions and self-destructive behaviors. Treatments for the condition include cognitive-behavioral therapy, mood stabilizers, support groups, and family therapy.