What Are the Different Types of Forceps?

Christina Edwards
Christina Edwards
Obstetric forceps may be used to grasp an infant's head during childbirth.
Obstetric forceps may be used to grasp an infant's head during childbirth.

Doctors and surgeons use several types of forceps for different tasks. Some of these forceps lock in the closed position, while others do not. Forceps may also be made from different materials, including metal and plastic. Obstetric forceps are used in childbirth, and these types of forceps are usually much larger than other types.

The word forceps comes from the Latin word “forca,” which means trap. Many of the types of forceps are used as medical instruments. They are often used to grasp tissue or small objects. Some forceps can even be locked in the closed position, which frees up a doctor's hands to work elsewhere.

Locking forceps are one type of forceps used in the medical profession. These forceps have loops on the handle for thumbs and fingers. When they are squeezed shut, interlocking teeth below the finger grips latch together, causing them to lock.

Scissors forceps used for tying sutures may be made with maneuverability in mind not only at the tips, but also at the handle.
Scissors forceps used for tying sutures may be made with maneuverability in mind not only at the tips, but also at the handle.

These are often used as clamps, either to hold a flap of skin or clamp a blood vessel shut during surgery. When surgical forceps are used to stop the flow of bleeding, they are often referred to as hemostats. Suture forceps are common types of locking forceps, and these are used to hold and guide a suture needle.

Forceps that don't lock, or non-locking forceps, are sometimes referred to as thumb forceps. These forceps typically resemble tweezers, with two pieces of metal attached together at one end. When the two prongs are pressed together the jaws of the forceps close. These are often used to remove sutures, and they can be used to remove small foreign objects, such as splinters, from tissue.

Suture forceps, also known as needle holders, are an integral part of a suture kit.
Suture forceps, also known as needle holders, are an integral part of a suture kit.

Many types of forceps can be made from either metal or plastic. Carbon steel forceps are typically the stronger of the two, and they can be reused after sterilization. Plastic forceps, on the other hand, may not be as strong, but they do not need to be sterilized. These typically come wrapped in sterile packaging, and they are meant to be thrown away after one use.

Many medical procedures require several types of forceps to be used at once.
Many medical procedures require several types of forceps to be used at once.

Obstetric forceps are another type, but these are typically much larger. These typically consist of two pieces of metal, with handles on one end and curved jaws on the other. The jaws can be used to grasp a newborn's head to help it exit the birth canal. Using obstetric forceps is generally not recommended, since they can injury a newborn. Forceps are usually only used in emergency situations, such as when the mother or her child are in distress.

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    • Obstetric forceps may be used to grasp an infant's head during childbirth.
      Obstetric forceps may be used to grasp an infant's head during childbirth.
    • Scissors forceps used for tying sutures may be made with maneuverability in mind not only at the tips, but also at the handle.
      Scissors forceps used for tying sutures may be made with maneuverability in mind not only at the tips, but also at the handle.
    • Suture forceps, also known as needle holders, are an integral part of a suture kit.
      Suture forceps, also known as needle holders, are an integral part of a suture kit.
    • Many medical procedures require several types of forceps to be used at once.
      Many medical procedures require several types of forceps to be used at once.
    • Using forceps during child birth is quicker and less invasive than having a C-section.
      Using forceps during child birth is quicker and less invasive than having a C-section.
    • Locking forceps are sometimes designed to hold and maneuver the special curved needles used for suturing.
      Locking forceps are sometimes designed to hold and maneuver the special curved needles used for suturing.