Treatments for a bruised muscle or muscle injury might include applying ice or cold compresses to reduce swelling, and keeping the injured part propped up above heart level. Another course of treatment typically involves keeping the injured area immobile for a short period of time to avoid further complications. Oral analgesics may provide temporary relief from soreness and inflammation as well.
A bruised muscle, sometimes known as contusion muscle pain, may be helped by wrapping the injury site in a compression-type bandage. This method may help to reduce some of the associated swelling that can occur with muscle bruising. The patient should be certain the bandage is not applied too tightly to ensure proper circulation. These bandages can be found at most pharmacies and medical supply stores.
Many people rely on natural or organic herbal remedies for muscle contusions. To treat this condition in an all-natural way, mint can be applied directly onto the skin. This may help ease the pain and stiffness. Another herbal remedy is a topical solution of St. John's Wort, which may help with muscle pain.
An old remedy that has been used for many years is warm Epsom salt baths. Soaking in a solution of Epsom salt is a known remedy for muscle strains, sprains and soreness, and could bring relief for a bruised muscle injury. The typical recommendation is two cups of Epsom salt per gallon of water.
Some individuals may prefer to take an over-the-counter (OTC) pain reliever that has an anti-inflammatory effect, such as ibuprofen. There are other OTC medications that can help ease the pain as well. In addition, the use of OTC topical ointments can help the discomfort as well. These creams and ointments are formulated to reduce inflammation and pain of muscle bruising.
Gentle stretching of the bruised muscle may help to promote healing. This should also ease some of the pain associated with the contusion. As part of this beneficial routine, physical therapy may be recommended to speed the healing process and strengthen muscles that have been injured or weakened. A common practice is to ice the area after stretching to reduce further inflammation.
Alternate methods for a bruised muscle or muscle strain include massage and heat. When heat is chosen as a solution, it is typically done after 48 hours from the initial injury. Warm compresses may bring relief to sore muscles, and moist heat may be preferred by some.