There are a wide variety of factors that affect male fertility. They include environmental problems, physical conditions, health issues, and lifestyle choices. Some of the more common issues include a condition called varicocele, which can increase heat in the testicles, obstructions, poor-quality sperm, and various contaminants that can lessen sperm production. Many of the factors that affect male fertility can be dealt with, and overall, the prognosis for males with fertility problems is often fairly positive.
On a fundamental level, male fertility issues are usually related either to sperm production, sperm performance, or the basic internal plumbing that allows sperm to leave the body. Any issue that affects one of these can potentially cause problems with a man’s ability to impregnate a woman. Some male fertility issues make it impossible for couples to conceive, while others simply reduce the odds. In some situations, the couple can keep trying until they get lucky, while others require a lifestyle change or medical treatment. In a few cases, it will be impossible for a man to improve his fertility.
Sometimes male fertility issues can be addressed by giving up some vice or making an environmental change. For example, a man may need to quit smoking or stop using certain medications. Sometimes it may even be necessary for a man to leave a job that is contaminating his body with some kind of toxin. Most recreational drugs have the potential to cause fertility issues along with other health problems, and avoiding these can potentially help some men recover their fertility.
Often, male fertility issues require medical treatment of some kind. Certain conditions, such as varicocele, which involves enlarged blood vessels in the testicles, may require surgery. Other conditions can be treated with medication that promotes more sperm or healthier sperm.
A very common cause of male infertility is heat. Sperm don’t survive well if they are exposed to too much heat. Reducing heat by wearing boxers instead of briefs can be helpful. Lowering the temperature of baths can also be beneficial in these cases.
Any kind of injury to the testicles is another major cause of infertility. Even if the injury is healed, there is a possibility that some kind of damage may have been done that the individual may not be aware of. For example, sometimes an injury can result in some kind or permanent obstruction. If a man has any uncertainty about a previous testicle injury, a doctor’s visit may be advisable.