A hernia truss is a support garment used to prevent a hernia from getting bigger, while also helping to keep the hernia stationary. Trusses of this type are most effective when worn next to the skin rather than over undergarments, and in order to provide the best fit, a hernia belt or truss is usually adjustable.
In most cases, the truss is constructed with a combination of padding and stretchy material. The padding provides a degree of comfort and works with the flexible body to create a firm support for the protrusion. In some places around the world, the truss will feature a spring mechanism rather than rely on the stretch material to create a snug fit. Since hernias vary in size and in location, the simple design makes is possible to use the garment for abdominal support or event provide some degree of relief in the event of a groin hernia.
When wearing a hernia truss, it is important for the patient to find the right balance between a snug fit and creating the proper support. If the truss is too tight, there is the possibility of restricting necessary blood flow to the area. When it's not tight enough, however, it will do little to nothing to keep the hernia in place and prevent further its expansion.
In most cases, these garments are not intended for wear while sleeping. Most healthcare professionals recommend donning the truss before dressing in the morning, and wearing the garment through the day. There are some situations where a medical professional will recommend wearing the truss, such as if the patient is currently dealing with a cold where coughing and sneezing are highly likely. The truss will help to minimize the impact coughs and sneezes on the hernia and help prevent its further expansion.
While the hernia truss is more often worn prior to surgery, there are situations where a patient is counseled to continue wearing it during the recovery period. The attending healthcare professional can evaluate the condition of the patient and determine if this garment is required, and how long the patient will need to continue wearing it.
Purchasing a truss is not difficult, and medical supply stores carry several brands. It is not unusual for a pharmacy to also sell at least one option. The garment tends to be moderately priced, making it affordable for just about any budget.