Bauhaus was a design school that emerged in Germany in 1919. Bauhaus designers and their students broke from tradition and developed a very modernist style. Their primary intention was to integrate art, technology and craftsmanship by ignoring precedent and generating a new design philosophy. The innovative ideas ranged from architecture to furniture design to typography. They believed that design of any sort ought to be considered a high art as does painting or sculpture.
The Bauhaus school moved from Weimar to Dessau in 1925. In 1932 the school was moved again to Berlin, only to be shut down forever by the Nazi Regime in 1933. The Nazi party had been opposed to Bauhaus for many years because they believed that it was closely related to communism since many members of the school were Russian.
Perhaps the most known developers of the Bauhaus school include Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, and Mies van der Rohe. Lesser-known names but perhaps equally influential include: Lyonel Feininger, Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer. The influence of school is still alive; many modern buildings, offices and pieces of furniture draw heavily on the style put forth by Bauhaus.