The most poisonous animal in the world is the Golden Poison Frog (also called the Golden Dart Frog), followed by the Fugu pufferfish. The Golden Poison Frog's Latin species name is Phyllobates terribilis. Living up to its title of the world's most poisonous animal, the Golden Poison Frog is so lethal that mice and dogs have been known to die from walking on a paper towel previously touched by the frog. The Golden Poison Frog does not generate its poison itself, but gets it from consuming beetles of the family Melyridae. It is currently known whether these beetles are actually more poisonous than the frog that consumes them, but they may actually deserve the title of world's most poisonous animal.
A single Golden Poison Frog contains enough poison to kill 10-20 adult humans, while the pufferfish has enough poison to kill around 30 humans. The Golden Poison Frog is considered more poisonous because its poison is several times more lethal by weight. Both poisons are more than 1200 times deadlier than cyanide. The Golden Poison Frog is found on the Pacific coast of Columbia, while the fugu pufferfish is cosmopolitan.
Being the most poisonous animal, the Golden Poison Frog has an interesting relationship with humans, as does the fugu pufferfish. The Golden Poison Frog is the main source used by Columbian natives to create poison darts. The frog is captured between sticks, then held near a fire. Under stress, the frog begins releasing poison profusely as small drops which leak from its skin. These drops are put on the head of poison darts or arrows, then used to hunt prey. Poisoned thus, these darts can bring down just about anything.
The fugu pufferfish's relationship with humans consists of being considered a sushi delicacy in Japan. Certain specific parts of the fugu are not poisonous, and can be extracted and included in a sushi dish by an experienced chef. If the chef messes up in his cuts, the patron dies. Several people die every year from this. However, tiny amounts of the poison cause the gourmet to experience a unique tingling sensation on the tongue, which likely contributes to its legend as a Japanese delicacy.