The state flower of Vermont is the red clover, which is scientifically referred to as Trifolium pratense. This perennial plant is primarily found in Western Asia, Europe and certain areas of Africa, but is often planted in other areas of the world, such as the United States. The red clover plant varies greatly in size and usually has flowers that are dark pink in color and fade to white near the bases. In addition to being the state flower of Vermont, the red clover is the national flower of Denmark.
The red clover was designated as the official state flower of Vermont on 1 February 1895. Although the red clover is planted in Vermont and generally is seen as a symbol of Vermont's scenic landscapes and countryside, the flower does not naturally grow in the U.S. This flower has been naturalized to the U.S. and typically can be found growing in open fields, countrysides, lawns and various other habitats. The red clover also is planted in many other states across the U.S., not just Vermont.
Red clover flowers vary in size, but the plant generally will not grow taller than 16 inches (about 40 cm). The stem of this flower is rough and hairy, and it stands in an upright position. Most red clovers will have just three leaflets, but occasionally, four leaflets can be found. This plant is easily identified by the vibrant pink or purple color of the flowers and by a very distinct white "V" marking in the middle of the leaflets.
The state flower of Vermont is representative of the state's unique and natural scenic beauty. The red clover flower can be found growing in many open areas. It often can be seen growing on the many dairy farms and pastures of Vermont and neighboring states.
Vermont's state flower is a member of the legume family, also known as the pea family. The red clover has been used to treat a variety of medical conditions and illnesses, most of which involve the reproductive health of the body, various skin conditions and heart issues. It also is included as an ingredient in many teas and can be eaten raw if desired. Although consuming the red clover can provide several health benefits, pregnant or nursing females should avoid consuming anything that contains red clover, because it is unknown whether the plant can have negative effects on a developing fetus.